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what is the history of Alanya city?

The city of Alanya is located on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, in the province of Antalya. Its history dates back to ancient times, and it has been inhabited by many civilizations over the centuries.

The earliest evidence of human occupation dates back to the Bronze Age, but the ancient city of Alanya was founded in the 4th century BC by the Syrian king Antiochus I. The city was later conquered by the Romans in 78 BC, and then by the Byzantines in 395 AD.

In the 11th century, the Turkish Seljuk Empire conquered the city and renamed it Alaiye, in honor of their leader Aladdin Keykubad I. The city was then occupied by the Mongols in the 13th century, before being reconquered by the Seljuks in 1271.

In the 14th century, the city was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, which incorporated it into its territory. Alanya remained under Ottoman control until the end of World War I, where it was occupied by French and Italian forces. It was finally liberated by Turkish forces in 1922.

Since then, Alanya has become a popular tourist destination due to its hot Mediterranean climate, sandy beaches, historical sites, and ancient ruins. It is also known for its famous fortress that overlooks the city and the sea.

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